Industrial support policies of the hottest countri

2022-07-27
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National industrial support policies and their impact on the plastics industry in 2009, the implementation of several favorable policies undoubtedly played an exciting, guiding and promoting role in the plastics industry in the downturn. These policies include: Several Opinions of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council on promoting the stable development of agriculture in 2009 to continuously increase farmers' income (hereinafter referred to as the "opinions"), the plan for the adjustment and revitalization of light industry (hereinafter referred to as the "plan"), the transformation of value-added tax, the increase of export tax rebates, and the adjustment of restricted categories of processing trade

I. The opinions will help expand the plastic products market. The opinions pointed out that keeping the steady and rapid development of the agricultural and rural economy as the primary task, focusing on stabilizing grain, increasing income, strengthening the foundation and focusing on people's livelihood, we will further strengthen preferential policies for agriculture, enhance scientific and technological support, increase investment, optimize the industrial structure, promote reform and innovation, and do everything possible to ensure national food security and the effective supply of major agricultural products, Do everything possible to promote the sustained growth of farmers' income and continue to provide a strong guarantee for sound and rapid economic and social development. Only by solving the "three rural issues" well, can China's long-term and stable economic development be guaranteed and a solid foundation be laid for the formation of an economic model dominated by domestic demand. In the plastic industry with the characteristics of "serving agriculture, rural areas and farmers", agricultural film, plastic pipe and other industries will benefit from it, and the market space will be further expanded

II. The plan effectively guides the development of the plastic industry. The introduction of the plan for the adjustment and revitalization of light industry has boosted the confidence of China's light industry to overcome the economic crisis and achieve stable development. It is bound to have a significant and far-reaching impact on the current and future development of light industry due to the limited size of light sources and the diffraction effect of gratings. The plan is conducive to the stability and development of the plastic industry, and plays an important guiding role in the industrial structure adjustment and industrial upgrading. Over the past 30 years of reform and opening up, the plastic industry has achieved remarkable results in the development of industrial clusters in some regions, with distinct regional advantages in characteristic economy, which has promoted the rapid development of the industry. This is consistent with "strengthening the guidance of industrial policies, promoting industrial transfer, cultivating and developing light industry characteristic regions and industrial clusters" in the plan It is the main development direction of the industry in the future. The policy of "increasing fiscal, tax and credit support for small and medium-sized light industrial enterprises" has benefited plastic enterprises accounting for more than 90% of the total number of enterprises in the industry, creating a good environment for the development of these small and medium-sized enterprises. It is believed that under the guidance of the plan, in the next twoorthree years, we can speed up the light industry to get out of the plight caused by the impact of the international financial crisis, and take the lead in realizing economic recovery and revitalization in key industries such as food, paper, household appliances and plastics. After the light industry adjustment and revitalization plan was adopted, the national development and Reform Commission issued the investment direction for light industry technological progress and technological transformation (2009 ~ 2011), which determines the investment direction for China's light industry in technological progress and technological transformation in the next few years from six directions. The six directions are:

(1) localization of key equipment

(2) technological innovation and industrialization in key industries

(3) improve the overall technical level of the industry

(4) promote industrial energy conservation and emission reduction

(5) food processing safety capacity building

(6) increase effective domestic supply

from this, it can be seen that the document adheres to the ideas of the plan and plays a positive role in promoting industrial structure adjustment and industrial upgrading

III. transformation of value-added tax into enterprise relief the reform plan of value-added tax transformation submitted by the Ministry of Finance and the State Administration of taxation was approved by the State Council. Since january1,2009, the value-added tax transformation reform will be implemented nationwide. It is estimated that the implementation of the transformation of value-added tax into single form 1. The combination of extensive plastic granulator and the reform of intelligent plastic granulator will reduce the value-added tax revenue of the year by about 120billion yuan, the urban maintenance and construction tax revenue by about 6billion yuan, the education surcharge by about 3.6 billion yuan, and increase the corporate income tax by about 6.3 billion yuan. After offsetting the increase and decrease, the corporate tax burden will be reduced by about 123.3 billion yuan, which is the largest reduction in the single tax system reform in China's history

the comprehensive transformation of value-added tax is a great long-term benefit to boost the economy. It has great strength and wide influence. For the plastic industry, it can not only improve the external living environment of enterprises through boosting the overall economy, but also directly reduce the tax burden of enterprises, reduce the cost pressure of enterprises, promote the increase of profits, and promote the technological progress of enterprises and promote the development of the industry

IV. increase the export tax rebate rate to ease the decline in exports

the light industry has the characteristics of an export-oriented economic model. The obvious decline in export growth has had an increasing inhibitory effect on economic growth. At this time, it is particularly necessary to adjust the export tax rebate. Under the situation of "pressing down the trade surplus" in 2007, the plastic industry was classified as "two high and one capital" industry. Chapter 39 except for duty-free commodities, the export tax rebate rate was lowered from 11% to 5%, which had a serious negative impact on the development of the plastic industry. At present, under the environment of "maintaining growth", the state has increased the export tax rebate rate of plastic products. After several callback, the export tax rebate rate of main commodities has been increased to 13%. This policy has brought good development opportunities to enterprises in the plastic industry. However, the fundamental reason for the current decline in plastic exports is the continued contraction of global market demand. For plastic enterprises, it is not only policy support that can increase the export tax rebate rate to survive. Plastic enterprises should find out their own problems, speed up technological progress and product structure adjustment, enhance the added value of products, and look for a broader market development space

On December 31, 2008, the Ministry of Commerce and the General Administration of Customs of the people's Republic of China issued an announcement to remove a total of 1730 ten digit commodity codes of plastic raw materials, plastic products, wood products, textiles, etc. from the catalogue of restricted exports in Announcement No. 44 of 2007 of the Ministry of Commerce and the General Administration of customs. This means that the export of plastics and plastic products enterprises will no longer be restricted. Together with the export tax rebate policy, this has created favorable conditions for China's plastic enterprises to actively use polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride, polypropylene, polystyrene, thermoplastic polyester, polycarbonate, polyamide, cellulose acetate and polyacetal resin for blow molding to cope with the financial crisis and stably explore the international market. However, the state still restricts the primary products of plastic processing

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